Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because our society is so automated, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay virtually any loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to create a FICO score.
All three major credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to build your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
FICO makes a huge difference in your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your credit score
To improve your FICO score, you must get the credit reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO score, offers credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call at 8327302000.