Debt/Income Ratio

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine the most you can pay monthly after your other recurring debts have been paid.

About your qualifying ratio

For the most part, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) qualifying ratio.

The first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, homeowners' dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.

The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. For purposes of this ratio, debt includes credit card payments, vehicle payments, child support, etcetera.

For example:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .28 = $756 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .36 = $972 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .29 = $783 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .41 = $1,107 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you'd like to run your own numbers, we offer a Mortgage Loan Qualifying Calculator.

Just Guidelines

Remember these ratios are just guidelines. We will be happy to go over pre-qualification to help you figure out how much you can afford.

Yamini Patel can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Call us at (832) 730-2000.

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